Harvest Festival

Harvest festivals of Indian states occur at the time of the main harvest of the region. Different regions of the country celebrate their Harvest festival at various times throughout the year. Since India is a land of great biodiversity, different states celebrate a large number of harvest festivals. For a country largely dependent on agriculture, harvest becomes one of the most important events across the nation. Lohri, Makar Sankranti, Baisakhi, Onam, Pongal are some of them. Harvest festivals are not just about celebrating the ripe crops but also an important astronomical change going on in the solar system. They are considered to be auspicious periods and hence are marked with celebrations and prayers.

Every year on 13th January, the festival of Lohri is celebrated by lighting a bonfire in many regions of North India but the festival has its roots in Punjab. Although it is primarily celebrated as the departure of the winter season, there are many legends and tales associated with the festival. People gather outside their homes and light the fire. Popcorns, Gajjak and Rewri are offered to the fire and are also enjoyed by people as the main prasad of the festival.


The day marks the onset of summer and the six months auspicious period for Hindus known as Uttarayan, the northward movement of the sun. A festival hugely celebrated by the North Indians, Makar Sakranti is a festival known to be full of colours inside-out. With flying kites in the sky to colourful delights on your plate, this festival has all the joy to offer in mid-January. Makar Sankranti marks the first day of Sun’s movement to Capricorn known as Makara which further marks the end of short winter days. Food majorly made of sesame seeds like Til Ke Laddoo and Til Ki Chikki is enjoyed at this festival along with delicious, colourful rice.

Every year, the people of Assam celebrate Bhogali Bihu with traditional dances and games in mid-April. The festival is to offer gratitude and cherish the process of cultivation and reap the benefits. Treats in Bihu involve coconut, jaggery and rice. Rice wine and meat is cooked collectively and is the highlight of the festival.

Celebrated with a lot of joy in southern parts of India, Pongal is held for four days in January to honour mother nature. The first day is spent worshipping the God of Rain. The second day is considered to be the most auspicious day and the Pongal sweet is made by the devotees to offer to the God Sun. the third day is celebrated by honouring the cattle and on the last day, people make traditional coloured rice and enjoy the meal.

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